Indoor Air Quality

Facts about Indoor Air Quality

  • According to the American College of Allergies, 50% of all illness is aggravated or caused by polluted indoor air.

  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) themselves declare that indoor air is anywhere from 2 to 10 times more hazardous than outdoor air.

  • The EPA also warns us that the indoor air quality is the United States' number one environmental health problem.

  • Today's homes and buildings are built air-tight, and contain a long list of pollution sources (see list). As a result, natural air-cleansing agents such as ozone and negative ions are kept out, while contaminants are kept in.

  • A recent study found that the allergen level in super-insulated homes is 200% higher than it is in ordinary homes.

  • According to Scientific America, a baby crawling on the floor inhales the equivalent of 4 cigarettes a day, as a result of the outgassing of carpets, molds, (About Mold, Mold Facts), mildews, fungi, dust mites, etc.

  • Most people spend well over 90% of their time indoors. In which case, indoor air is going to impact our health far more than outdoor air. 

  • The EPA informs us that 6 out of 10 homes and buildings are "sick", meaning they are hazardous to your health to occupy as a result of airborne pollutants.

Other Interesting Facts Related to Indoor Air Quality

  • Asthma cases have increased by more than 100% since 1976. 
  • About 1 in 9 children now have asthma. 
  • Death ratesdue to asthma have tripled, and quintupled in children ages 5 to 9, since 1976. 
  • Hospitalization ratesand doctor visits are still continuing to increase dramatically

Common Sources of Indoor Air Pollution in your Home or Building

  • People. About 80% of what you see floating in a ray of sunshine entering your home is dead human skin flakes. And remember, we can only see about 10% of the airborne pollutants. Dead human skin is a staple of the dust mite diet. Negative ions remove dead skin from the air, which also removes a host of dust mites and other bacteria from the air you breathe. Ozone destroys many of the bacteria that reside on these flakes.Is Ozone Safe?

  • Dust. About 40 pounds of dust is generated per 1,500 square feet every year. Each speck of dust carries about 40,000 dust mites and other illness-causing bacteria and viruses. Negative ions also remove dust particles from the air, which also removes the contaminants residing on them. Ozone destroys the microorganisms carried by dust.

  • Allergens. Pollens, ragweed, and a variety of other allergens find their way into the home from outdoors.

  • Carpet, Plywood, and other Construction Materials. The "new" smell associated with new carpet, newly painted walls, new home, remodeled room, etc. is actually the outgassing of the chemical solutions used to  treat these products. Wood floors are better for the health than carpet, but carpet is much more affordable. Ozone oxidizes these chemical fumes so they are no longer toxic.

  • Mattresses and Furnishings. Treated with fire retardants and otherchemicals, which add to the chemical vapors we breathe inside. Chemicals are oxidized by ozone.

  • Pillows and Blankets. Dust mites comprise over 50% of the weight of the average pillow.

  • HVAC Systems.Air ducts serve as a fertile breeding ground for mold spores.

  • Household Cleaners/Aerosols, Insecticides, Pesticides. We literally poison the air we breathe with chemical fumes and toxins when we use these products.

  • Moist things or humid environments.Mold spores, bacteria, and mildew thrive in dampened towels, wash cloths, and moist or humid areas. Ozone destroys molds and bacteria, while negative ions remove floating mold spores from the air. Children in homes with high mold show persistent, cold-like symptoms - 300% more than average.

  • Pets. Airborne animal and/or pet dander (dried spit from the animal that breaks off the end of their hair and floats in air since they are so small) is a common trigger for allergies and asthma. Plus, the feces from your pet emits added contaminates into the air.

  • Insects and other Bugs. Insects and bugs feces is a powerful allergen. In a recent extensive study by the New England Journal of Medicine, more than half the homes tested had high levels of cockroaches. Children living in these homes were more than three times as likely to be hospitalized for asthma.

  • Smoking. Smoking in the home or vehicle leaves the air being breathed dense with over 3600 cancer-causing toxins. These toxins also cling to the clothing we wear, and release themselves when we enter other homes and buildings.

  • Vehicles. Recent studies show that most people face their worst exposure to polluted air while inside their vehicle. Pollen builds up in your vehicle's a/c system. Plus, exhaust and gasoline fumes easily enter your vehicle.

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    Based on studies by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), billions of dollars are spent annually for medication to help Americans breathe or cure their respiratory illnesses. Eleven million Americans have asthma. Twenty-eight million have hay fever and other allergies. Physicians are now discovering that the solution to the problems of many of these people is not in medicine but in reducing the pollutants in the air they breathe.

    Every year at least 6,000 new chemical compounds are developed. Many are used indoors every day, at home and at work.Add to these pollutants the mold, mildew, bacteria, viruses, tobacco smoke, grease, pollen, dirt, asbestos, lead and numerous other contaminants that can affect our breathing and our health.Then allow them to circulate in today's nearly airtight indoor environment. No wonder our indoor air is, on average, two to ten times as polluted as the worst outdoor air.

    Viruses and bacteria that thrive in the ducts, coils, and recesses of building ventilation systems have been proven to cause ailments ranging from influenza to tuberculosis. Some HVAC systems have been found to contain up to 27 species of fungi.

    Based on information given at the First Annual Air Quality convention sponsored by EPA, April 1992, Tampa, Florida:

 •  40% of all buildings pose a serious health hazard due to indoor air pollution, according to the World Health Organization.

 •  EPA estimates an 18% annual production loss to American business due to poor indoor air quality.

 • 20% of all employees have a major illness related to indoor air pollution such as allergies, asthma, auto-immune diseases, etc.

 •  EPA says high levels of formaldehyde cause cancer

 • Scientists now recognize that pollutants, even at acceptable concentration, combined together in an indoor environment have a synergistic negative effect.

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Indoor Air Quality and Ozone

    The air we breathe is made up of mostly oxygen and nitrogen. Ozone can be made from common oxygen and high electrical discharge (as in a thunderstorm). The high voltage discharge (also known as corona discharge) breaks the two oxygen (O2) atoms apart. These oxygen atoms are extremely reactive and they recombine in groups of three with the resulting molecule being called Ozone (O3) or trivalent oxygen. When this highly reactive O3 molecule floats in the environment it actively seeks out pollutant molecules. One of the atoms from the O3 molecule will attach itself to the pollutant molecule and destroy it. Is Ozone Safe?

    This highly reactive quality of ozone is why it is such a powerful and efficient cleaner and purifier. Ozone will react with almost anything, including chemical sources of unpleasant or hazardous indoor odors. Bacteria, mold and mildew, pet odors, many cooking odors, etc., are destroyed when they react with ozone. Like chemical pollutants, the membranes or shells of bacteria contain unsaturated molecules which are destroyed by ozone. Without its protective membrane or shell, the bacterium dies, leaving only oxygen. The same applies to viruses and fungi.

    One of the most important properties of ozone is that it has a very short life span.This life span is called a "half-life". The half-life of ozone is approximately 20-30 minutes. This means that half of the ozone created will break down and return to oxygen in approximately 20-30 minutes depending on temperature, humidity and the amount of contaminants in the air or on surfaces that the ozone has to counteract. In other words, strong odors or pollutants will use more ozone and light odors will require less. If ozone can not find a contaminant to work on, it simply reverts to oxygen.

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Ozone can be effective against*

Chemicals Combustion Germs Odors
Cooking Odors Garbage Odors Menthol Onions
Hospital Odors Sewer Gases Asphalt Fumes Butane 
Aged Manuscripts Cigarette Smoke  Exhaust Fumes  Food Odors 
Creosote Garlic Mildew Paint Odors
Industrial Wastes Toluene Bacteria Poultry Odors
Dead Animals Gasoline Fecal Odors Carbon Monoxide
Kerosene Viruses Mold Fungi
Algae Acrylic Acid Bathroom Smells Propane
Decaying Odors Formaldehyde Fertilizer Tetrachloride
Lactic Acid Adhesive Gases Moth Balls Furniture Odors
Ammonia Coal Smoke Benzene Rancid Oils
Diesel Fumes Carbolic Acid Fire Odors Carpet Odors
Lubricating Oils Alcohol Naphtha Gangrene
Animal Odors Ethyl Alcohol Body Odor Resins
Ether Anesthetics Fish Odors Charred Materials
Medicinal Odors Flood Odors Nicotine Burned Food Odors 

 * This is only a short list of the things ozone can effect. Is Ozone Safe?

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Negative Ions Pollutants and Health

    Ionization or negative ion generation is often referred to as the "thunderstorm effect". It is well known that prior to a thunderstorm, animals and even many humans feel nervous, jittery and irritable; however, after the storm there seems to be a feeling of calm. Both animals and humans experience this phenomena. Most people can not explain this renewed sense of well-being. However, there is a logical explanation. All of this is due to the amount of negative ions in the air around us.  Prior to a thunderstorm there is a very high concentration of positive ions in the air. These tend to be pollutants such as dust, bacteria, pollen, chemicals, etc. The storm releases electrical discharges consisting of high concentrations of negative ions. Negative ions destroy many of these air pollutants and, therefore, give us a sense of well being.When relatively too many positive ions are present in the air before a storm, the positive charge is transferred in the air you breathe from your lungs to the blood, causing the blood platelets to release a hormone that quite strongly affects your moods, your joints, and other physiological functions in your body.

    Ions are floating in the air around us all the time and have either negative or positive charges on them. Changes in their concentration, or in the ratio of positively to negatively charged molecules can have remarkable effects on plants and animals. It is known in science that ion depletion is the source of a wide range of human health problems, both mental and physical. Air ions are important to you because if there are a high proportion of negative ions you will feel lively, uplifted, and enthusiastic. Too many positive ions will have you feeling depressed, lethargic and full of aches, pains and complaints. In general, exposure to negatively ionized air has been shown to increase oxygenation of the lungs, vital capacity, and ciliary activity.All types of beneficial responses take place as a result of these friendly ions. (Effects of Negative Ions)

    Fortunately through modern technology it is possible to control the electrical state of our indoor environments by generating negative ions back in the air.These negative ions attach themselves to airborne toxins and drop them to a surface. Ions basically take out the larger pollutants in the air. For example, ozone will take the smell of smoke out of the room and neutralize the chemicals, but will not remove the smoke itself. Negative ions take the smoke out.

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Improve Your Health and Indoor Air Quality

You Owe It To Yourself To Breathe Clean Healthy Purified Air

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Want more information on Indoor Air Quality?
Click On Links Below

 UV Light Air Purifiers   Ozone Generator Air Cleaners   HEPA Air Cleaners

Environmental Protection Agency The Inside Story / A Guide to Indoor Air Quality 

Air Oasis  Surround Air

Effects of Negative Ions   Particles and Their Sizes in Microns

What is Mold?, About Mold, Mold Facts

Is Ozone Safe?   Why Chlorine Bleach is Not Effective in Killing Mold

Why Chlorine Bleach is Not Recommended for Mold Remediation 

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